WHAT IS GUM DISEASE?
Gum disease, is a condition of the mouth where the gums become red and inflamed as a result of the build-up of bacteria and plaque surrounding the teeth and gums.11,12 It starts with gingivitis where the gums become inflamed, swollen and bleed easily.11,12 Gingivitis can be treated and is reversible, however, if left untreated the condition may progress into full gum disease or periodontitis.11,12
In periodontitis (gum disease), the plaque penetrates gum line and starts to irritate the gums and teeth. This can result in gums separating from teeth to form ‘pockets’ or spaces between the teeth where debris can collect and become infected.11 As the condition progresses, gum and bone tissue may be destroyed and some individuals may even lose teeth or need to have them removed.11
HOW TO PREVENT GUM DISEASE
Gum disease is treatable as well as preventable. Maintaining oral health is one of the key ways of preventing the disease from developing or progressing.
Here are 2 important tips to prevent gum disease:11
- Brush your teeth after meals to remove food and plaque
- Floss your teeth at least once a day to remove food particles from between your teeth.
- Use an oral mouthwash to prevent bacteria from building up and to reduce plaque development
- Identify if you are at risk; age, smoking, diet and genetics may increase your risk of developing the disease, so consult your dentist if you start feeling the symptoms
For more information, please consult your Healthcare Practitioner.